In this WP a mapping will pattern the dynamics of migration within the EU, considering both EU citizens and third-country nationals (TCNs), with the goal of creating a comprehensive source of data on intra-EU mobility.
In addition to describing migration flows, the analysis also aims to identify the challenges of monitoring intra-EU mobility and bring forward effective solutions to these limitations and in the same the it will observe the employment flow of migration within the EU.
Within a larger project, this work package will contribute to the component examining the nature and impacts of migration. The work package will catalogue and synthesize data sources that will provide insights into different aspects of migrants’ mobility, creating a database that will facilitate future research. It will bring these statistics together to draw a comprehensive picture of what available statistics can tell us about the scale and characteristics of migrants’ mobility, enabling comparisons of different mobility metrics across Member States. These metrics will be used by researchers conducting cross-country analysis in several of potential following work packages.
In particular, the mapping component will examine questions such as the prominence of intra-EU mobility among EU citizens and TCNs in Europe and maps the main migration corridors of cross-border mobility and circular migration, considering both intra-regional and international movements. It identifies how bilateral mobility patterns differ by age, gender, skills, occupational status, self-employment status and citizenship among EU citizens and TCNs in Europe. It will analyze the nature of the mobility, asking to what extent students and dependent family members take part in mobility, in addition to migrant workers. Moreover, it will map cross-border and regional mobility rate, cross-border and regional commuting rate and lifetime mobility among migrants. Given the limitations of data in many countries on individuals’ national migration routes, for the majority of the research the analysis will rely on existing data collected on certain populations within countries.
One of the outcomes will be a database giving detailed information on these publicly available data sources. Moreover, researchers will conduct additional in-depth analysis on the countries with the highest concentration of intra-EU mobility of both EU citizens and TCNs, using the databases we have access to for a deeper understanding of the major pathways of individuals.
The second component of the work package identifies the major limitations of international data on EU mobility. Data sources are analyzed in terms of data coverage as well as the quality, reliability and comparability of the data. In addition to describing the data, researchers will assess the underlying methodological, conceptual and practical reasons for the limitations in data collection. Finally, they will ask how these limitations can be addressed in the most effective and efficient ways possible.
The methodological approach of this second component is twofold: firstly, researchers will perform a comprehensive review of the existing literature and statistical guidance on different data sources. Secondly, they will conduct in-depth interviews will policy makers, statisticians and academics in the top destination countries for intra-EU mobility. The interviews will explore the major drawbacks of the existing data and explore which sources of mobility are not captured in major databases.