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8 Key Competences for Personal and Social Development

By key competences, that one must acquire through education, we refer to knowledge, mindset, and pertinent skills, that promote personal, social, and work development. The European Union has identified eight (8) competences that foster a person’s fulfillment and development.

The Set of Key Competences

The first two key competences are about communication, in native and in a foreign language. These two skills demand the ability to communicate, both orally and in written form; they also pertain the ability of expression, and interaction. In addition, the competence in a foreign language fosters intercultural awareness and understanding.

The third competence refers to the development of pertinent thinking in mathematics, science, and technology. This skill will help a person in everyday problem solving; furthermore, the realization of changes that occur by human intervention, might result taking responsibility.

The fourth competence is about acquiring digital skills; hence, basic knowledge in information and communication technology (ICT), as the technological advances demand.

Learning to learn, is the fifth competence that is interpreted as the ability to self-direct a person’s learning process, according to the person’s needs.

Among the necessary competences, are also social and civic skills. By social competence we refer to the acquisition of a certain behavior, that promotes smooth social and working life. In addition, civic competences foster a person’s democratic participation.

Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship, entails another set of skills that involve achieving goals, such as: creativity; risk-taking; planning; and, management. The overall goal of this skill is to equip people with features that will lead, not only in personal growth, but also professionally.

Finally, there is cultural awareness and expression. This competence involves acknowledgment and appreciation regarding the creativity expressed in different cultural contexts.

DIG IN: a Contributing Project

DIG IN is an Erasmus+ project, aiming to function as a supporting mechanism for NEETS. In the project’s plan, the enhancement of their employability is included; by helping NEETS acquire ICT skills, with the development of an outreach strategy. It is a promising attempt to improve NEETS personal growth and social inclusion.


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